What should we feed our dogs? Dog’s Feeding Guide!


Although they are mostly carnivores, domesticated dogs will also consume meals derived from plants. Wild dogs consume a wide variety of foods, the majority of which are prey animals. These prey species provide the wild dogs with raw meat, bones, organs, and a little bit of the vegetal matter that is housed within their victim’s digestive tract. When you add a new puppy into your life, one of the more important decisions you’ll need to make right away is what kind of dog food to purchase. Once you’ve made that choice, you can cross that item off your list. The fact that you will have a wide variety of options to select from when purchasing food for your dog is both a blessing and a curse. For you to be well-informed and ready for your new pet’s arrival, we are here to assist you in navigating the canine dietary terrain. In a perfect world, there would be no differences between the various brands of dog food. Dog owners are instead confronted with an overwhelming number of options, each of which asserts that it is the greatest dog food currently available on the market. It might be difficult to sort through all of these options to choose a brand of dog food that meets your needs in terms of your dog’s health, budget, and appetite. We have gathered the recommendations of many industry professionals to assist you in narrowing down your choices. As dog owners, we want the very best for our puppies to ensure that they have a long and happy life, and the first step toward achieving this goal is to ensure that they eat well-balanced and nutritious meals. Dog’s bodies, like people, are unique. It’s possible that what’s best for your dog and what’s best for another person’s dog are two wholly different things.

What Qualities Constitute a “Good” Dog Food?

The majority of dog owners give their canines either dry kibble or canned meaty chow. Even though we might not find these processed foods particularly appetizing, they include all of the essential elements that dogs require to maintain a healthy body. Commercial dog diets of good quality are subject to a stringent regulatory framework and have been examined in great detail by veterinary experts. So, tell me, exactly, what are the ingredients in these dog foods? Dogs, in contrast to cats, do not strictly adhere to the carnivorous diet. Domestic dogs obtain the majority of their nutrients from meat, but they can also get nutrients from grains, fruits, and vegetables. Meat is the primary component of their diet. These meatless meals are not merely used as fillers; rather, they have the potential to be an excellent source of important vitamins, minerals, and fiber. A healthy dog meal will include meat, vegetables, grains, and fruits in its ingredient list. The greatest foods for dogs will have versions of these ingredients made from high-quality ingredients that are suitable for the digestive system of your dog.

Dog Food Nutrition

Your four-legged friend’s ideal diet should satisfy all of his dietary requirements. It is crucial to keep in mind that not every dog has the same nutritional requirements, even while the majority of commercial dog food products are particularly created to include at least the bare minimum of what a dog needs to meet its nutritional demands. Throughout their lives, dogs have varying dietary requirements that call for a wide variety of nutrients in varying amounts. The Merck Veterinary Manual provides a list of the required nutrients for dogs, along with the suggested amount based on the dog’s weight and age. Consulting this manual can be helpful if you are uncertain about the differences in the nutritional needs of pups and adults. The dietary requirements for dogs and puppies of large breeds are distinct from those of dogs and puppies of small breeds.

Myths and Faulty Information Regarding Dog Food

On the internet, one can find a great deal of disinformation and urban legends concerning dog food and nutrition. You can make sense of it all by adhering to one simple rule, which is to check your sources. There are a lot of people out there with good intentions who make statements regarding dog nutrition but don’t back them up with any scientific proof. When conducting research, you must constantly verify the material to ensure that it is supported by a reliable source, such as a veterinary professional, a canine nutritionist, or a scientific study. Being skeptical is also something that is never a waste of time. If something seems too good to be true, there is a strong chance that it is. A lot of individuals have inquiries regarding whether dog food should contain grains or not if it should have peas, and whether it should contain animal byproducts. If your dog has been identified as suffering from a food allergy that is triggered by grains, your veterinarian may recommend that you switch him or her to a diet that does not include grains. The majority of dogs can benefit from the healthy nutrients that grains provide. Additionally nutritive are high-quality animal byproducts. These include organ meats and guts, which often provide a greater concentration of nutrients than the muscular meat that is consumed by humans. Hooves, hair, floor sweepings, the contents of the intestinal tract, and dung are not considered to be regulated byproducts. Feel free to share any concerns regarding the food that your dog eats with your veterinarian, as you should do with any other questions about your pet.

How to Read the Ingredients List on Dog Food

Reading the label is one way to tell a healthy dog food from one that is not healthy for your dog. This is easier said than done because labels can be difficult to read, both because of the small text and just the simple inconvenience of carrying large bags of dog food in the supermarket! However, according to the Merck Veterinary Manual, labeling might sometimes provide the wrong impression. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandates that labels on dog food must provide you with information regarding eight critical aspects of the product, and different states may also have their labeling requirements:

  • Product name
  • The product’s net weight in grams
  • The manufacturer’s name and address are included here.
  • Analysis that is guaranteed
  • A list of ingredients
  • Specific species of animals in mind
  • A statement regarding the sufficiency of nutrition
  • Feeding guidelines

Product Identifier

Simply looking at the product’s name might give you a good idea of what’s contained within the container or bag.


The list of ingredients that are included on the back of a bag of dog food will not tell you anything about the quality of the components or where they originated, and some manufacturers break up the ingredients into multiple parts to make the distribution of those parts even. For instance, the several forms of corn that can be purchased, such as kibbled corn, ground corn, or flaked corn, can each be mentioned on their own. Corn falls further down the list of ingredients as a result of this, even though the product contains a significant amount of corn overall. Another component that can be challenging is meat. Due to the high proportion of water that is included in whole cuts of meat, the actual amount of meat that remains in the final product after processing is lower than it seems. The ingredient list will tell you what is in the dish, but it won’t necessarily tell you anything about the quality of the components it lists. It is also crucial for dogs that have special dietary demands or allergies.

Dog Foods That Are “Complete” and “Balanced”

The results of this research show the lowest possible amounts of crude protein and fat, combined with the highest possible amounts of water and crude fiber. However, the research does not provide the precise amount of these components, which indicates that there is an opportunity for a significant degree of fluctuation. If the company is legitimate and has your dog’s best interests at heart, they should be more than pleased to answer your questions and will, in many instances, provide you with additional information that is not included on the product label or the website. There is a useful leaflet available from the World Small Animal Veterinary Association that has questions that you can ask a company representative.

Best Dog Food for Small and Large Breeds

The nutritional requirements for toy breeds and working breeds are distinct from one another. Because large-breed dogs are more prone to musculoskeletal issues than smaller-breed dogs, they frequently need a large-breed dog food that has varying proportions of specific nutrients to maintain musculoskeletal health, especially when they are puppies. Small-breed dogs, on the other hand, are more likely to choke on larger kibble, and they have their own unique nutritional needs, which can be met by feeding them food formulated specifically for their breed. Do some research on the breed of your dog to determine if or not there are any additional dietary requirements that you should be aware of.

Best Dog Food for Puppies

The nutritional requirements of dogs change as they mature into adulthood. Different nutritional considerations should be made for puppies, adult dogs, and senior dogs. Puppies’ dietary requirements are distinct from those of adult dogs and senior dogs. Your options will be more manageable because the majority of companies that produce dog food offer specially made puppy foods that are appropriate for each stage of a dog’s development. Talk to your dog’s veterinarian to find out what kind of food is suitable for your dog at each period of his or her life if you are concerned about selecting the appropriate diet for your pet’s life stage. Your young dog has certain dietary needs that are distinct from those of an older dog. This holds in particular for dogs of larger breeds. As a large breed puppy’s growth needs to be carefully managed to prevent bone and joint problems later on, the food that you provide them to eat can be helpful. Some can fare well on “puppy food” as well as food that is marketed as being suitable “for all life stages.” The size and breed of your puppy should be taken into consideration while selecting the food that is ideal for them. Always seek the counsel of your veterinarian for ideas on how to feed a puppy and instructions on how to transition a puppy to food meant for adult dogs.

Best Dog Food for Senior Dogs

The specific nutritional requirements of senior dogs, those who are seven years old or older, might vary widely. That there is such a variety is due, in part, to the fact that senior dogs in their younger years may suffer from being overweight, whereas senior dogs in their later years may struggle with being underweight. It’s possible that what your dog enjoys eating will be the deciding factor in selecting the best diet for senior dogs. Many senior dogs choose wet food, while others may require that their dry food be heated to bring out the flavors and scents. In the end, your veterinarian will be able to assist you in selecting the diet that is ideal for an older dog.

Best Food for Dogs with Special Dietary Needs

Canines can suffer from food allergies, sensitive stomachs, and dietary limitations much like their human counterparts. Feeding a dog that has particular nutritional requirements might be challenging. The ideal course of action for you to take would be to seek the counsel of your veterinarian regarding the type of dog food that is most beneficial to their condition.

Best Dry Dog Food

The nutritional requirements of toy breeds and working dogs are different. Large-breed puppies, in particular, need large-breed dog chow because of their increased susceptibility to musculoskeletal issues as they get older. Conversely, small-breed dogs have special dietary needs that can be met by feeding them a portion of food designed specifically for their size, as the larger kibble can cause choking. Discovering if your dog’s breed has special dietary needs is easy with a little bit of online research.

Best Wet Dog Food

The price of wet dog food is typically a little bit higher. Wet dog food and dry dog food share a lot of the same components, but the amounts of those ingredients aren’t quite the same. Canned food for dogs has a lengthy shelf life; however, once the can is opened, it needs to be stored in the refrigerator. Your dog’s life stage, breed, and whether or not they have any specific dietary requirements or allergies will determine which wet food is best for them. The same is true for dry dog food. Have a conversation with your veterinarian about the wet dog food that he suggests giving to your furry friend.

What Kind and How Much Food Should I Give My Dog?

There is a rising concern in the veterinary profession regarding the prevalence of obesity in dogs, which has been connected to a variety of health concerns in canines. We are typically less rigorous when it comes to controlling our diets than we are when it comes to controlling the meals of our dogs, which is fortunate for them. It might be difficult to determine how much food to give your dog and what a healthy weight for a dog looks like. Because of the prevalence of owners who inadvertently overfeed their animals, you must take your dog to the veterinarian for routine exams and consult with your veterinarian about the recommended portion sizes. Some dogs require significantly less than the prescribed amount, while others require significantly more. Some factors can influence how much food a dog needs to consume, including its level of activity, the season, whether or not it is nursing its puppies, and illness

How to Determine Which Dog Food Is the Best?

It is ultimately up to you to determine what kind of food is ideal for your canine companion. You, as the owner, are the one who has the most frequent interactions with your dog. If your dog has feces that are solid and healthy, is active and in good shape, and has a healthy appetite, then the food that you give him is probably doing his body well. During this stage of the process, your veterinarian is going to be an invaluable resource for you. They are more knowledgeable than ordinary owners about the nutritional needs of their pets, and in addition, they have access to research and resources that owners do not have.

Basic dog feeding guide

The information that is provided below is advice on a general level; nevertheless, since each dog is an individual, you should seek the counsel of a veterinarian, especially if your dog has any unusual dietary needs or has a reaction to a regular diet. Adult canines should be fed at least twice daily and should not be engaged in vigorous activity either shortly before or after eating to prevent bloat, which can be fatal. Always make sure that your dog has access to clean drinking water, but you should never give your dog milk because it can lead to stomach issues.

Feeding bones

Both raw meat and bones should be avoided since they have the potential to crack teeth and cause internal obstructions. Dogs have come a long way since their progenitors, the wolves. These changes include the development of the ability to digest carbohydrates and fat, as well as the ability to live longer and healthier lives. It is not required to offer them bones to eat given the variety of high-quality diets that are balanced nutritionally that are available. If you want to provide your pet with amusement that also helps with teeth cleaning, dental chews are a fantastic choice to consider. The global Veterinary Oral Health Council maintains a list of dental products that fulfill standards for both safety and the reduction of plaque and tartar.

Other foods

Fish may be given to dogs on occasion in the form of a treat, but dogs should not be fed fish regularly. A taster portion of ordinary pasta or rice that has been cooked could also be provided. This deficiency can be lethal. Please refer to this article for further details. You must provide your dog with access to grass. It’s not uncommon for dogs to munch on grass, which can be a good source of vegetable matter and several micronutrients.

Toxic foods

Make sure that your canine companion does not have access to the string wrappings that are found around rolled roasts or the absorbent pads that can be found underneath meat that has been wrapped on trays.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the Specific Nutritional Requirements for Dogs?

Before making a purchase, it is important to have a good understanding of the nutritional requirements of your dog as well as how those requirements may differ from those of other dogs. You will need to purchase food that is specially made for young, growing puppies if you just got a new puppy. Alternately, if you have a dog that is on the smaller or larger end of the spectrum, there will be a particular formula that is more suited to meet the requirements of your dog. The Food and Drug Administration makes use of this phrase to control the nutrient profiles for dog and cat food that were developed by the Association of American Feed Control Officials. When compared to feeding your dog a raw diet, which may require the addition of additional vitamin supplements, having the option to offer your dog a single food that provides all of the essential vitamins, minerals, and nutrients is an advantage. The addition of omega-3 fatty acids to your dog’s diet regularly is something you should consider doing regardless of the type of dog food you feed him. Your dog, like a human, requires a healthy mix of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in his diet. The imbalance is a result of the excessive amount of omega-6 that is included in the majority of commercially produced dog feeds. If you give your dog store-bought food, you might want to consider giving them an omega-3 supplement to make up for the imbalance in their diet.

  • Omega-3 is essential for the health of your dog for a variety of reasons, including the following:
  • The anti-inflammatory properties of omega-3 make it beneficial for canines suffering from allergies and arthritis.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial to the health of the skin, energy levels, the coat, and joints.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids facilitate the intellectual growth of pups and have the potential to enhance the cognitive capabilities of older canines.

You can probably guess that there is a huge variety of omega-3 dietary supplements from which to select, so you must do your homework before deciding which one to take. The How I Met My Dog cast and crew recommend the 16-ounce salmon oil pump sold by Vital Pet Life as an economical option for fish oil. You might also go with a supplement that contains fish oil but also functions as a treat for your dog, such as the Zesty Paws Omega-3 Salmon Bites.

How Do I Pick Out Commercial Dog Food?

Because you have such a wide variety of options to choose from, it can be challenging to zero in on the specific kind of food that is ideal for your dog. There are three stages of life that dog foods can be created the growth stage, the adult stage, and the senior stage. Other foods will simply be labeled as being suitable for “all stages of life.” When reviewing the product label, it is important to make sure that there is a range of nutritional components listed. In addition to meat, fruits, cereals, and vegetables can be digested by dogs and provide them with nourishment.

Terms to remember when picking out food:

  • If a product is labeled “chicken,” it must contain at least 70 percent chicken in its composition.
  • When referring to a dish as a “Chicken Platter,” “Chicken Dinner,” or “Chicken Entrée,” it is important to note that the dish contains at least 10% beef.
  • The term “Chicken Flavor” refers to less than 3 percent, whereas “With Chicken” refers to just 3 percent.

Does My Dog Need a Grain-Free Diet?

Grain-free diets have become increasingly popular among dog food producers, and for good reason. One school of thinking maintains that early dogs followed a diet similar to that of their progenitors, which means that grain-free diets are beneficial to dogs for the same reasons that grain-free diets are beneficial to some people.

Should I Feed My Dog a Raw Food Diet?

A way to give your dog a raw diet is to give your dog food that is available for purchase that contains raw ingredients.

How about the Dry Food?

When shopping for food for your dog, you’ll have the option of purchasing either wet or dry food, in addition to the food that has been dehydrated. Dry dog food has some advantages over canned wet dog food, including the fact that it does not need to be refrigerated after being opened, and it also typically costs less than the various canned wet meal options. Both wet and dry dog food contains a similar list of ingredients, however wet dog food may have a greater proportion of fresh protein and animal byproducts than dry food does.

What kind of food and how much of it should I give my dog?

The amount of food that should be given to a dog daily will vary from case to case and will be determined by factors such as the dog’s size and how active it is. This chart provides recommendations for the amounts of food that should be given to your dog over 24 hours, based on the dog’s size.

Are the Crumbs from the Table Okay?

Dogs have a natural tendency to grovel, which is a habit that should be discouraged. If you feed your dog table scraps, you run the risk of him developing diarrhea and pancreatitis, in addition to gaining weight. Inquire with your veterinarian regarding the appropriate portion size to feed your dog from the table. As a general guideline, you shouldn’t give them more than two relatively minor treats per day. Anything over that may result in a dog that is picky as well as one that is overweight.

Is There Truly a Difference Between Dog and Puppy Food?

The answer is yes; it has a higher number of calories and vitamins than adult dog chow. Your dog should continue to eat food specifically formulated for puppies until they turn one year old. If they are of a large or giant breed, such as a golden retriever or a Great Dane, you should choose a food that is formulated specifically for large breed puppies and continue to feed it to them until they are between 12 and 18 months old.

Why Is Fido Throwing Up Again?

Various things might cause a dog to puke up, including food. It’s possible that you’ve recently altered their diet or that they suffer from a food allergy. They might have consumed something that made them sick, or they might have eaten their dinner too quickly. If your dog has just had one episode of vomiting, you probably do not need to be concerned about it. However, you should consult your veterinarian if they throw up a lot. See your veterinarian as soon as possible if they are unable to stop.

Is It Okay If I Switch My Dog’s Food?

When they eat the same thing day in and day out, not only do dogs’ stomachs become accustomed to the routine but so do their taste buds. Making too many changes to your diet too quickly can be problematic. To transition your dog’s diet from one type of food to another, mix the old and new foods and feed them to your pet gradually over seven to fourteen days. But try not to make too many changes at once. It may cause your dog to develop a fussy eating habit or contribute to weight gain.

Is There Any Kind of Aid Available for Gas?

Changing your dog’s diet might assist if he frequently ignores dangers that are sneaky yet deadly. Inquire with your veterinarian about a diet that will not upset your pet’s stomach. Pass on the crumbs from the table. You can also acquire a bowl that is called a slow feeder, which is designed to encourage them to eat at a more leisurely rate.

Do Dogs Ever Suffer From Food Allergies?

Yes, but don’t blame a diet change. It’s not uncommon for dogs to develop sensitivities or allergies, to the foods they’ve been consuming for an extended period. What are the most typical triggers? Eggs, poultry, meat, dairy products, and soy, as well as soy products, all include proteins.

What Should I Do If My Dog Eats Poop?

Although it seems revolting to us, some dogs enjoy the flavor. Have a conversation with your animal’s veterinarian to ensure that you are providing them with a nutritious diet. It is also helpful to immediately clean up any droppings that have been made. You might also try sprinkling hot sauce on the excrement so that it has an unpleasant taste. If your dog has a problem avoiding cat excrement, using a baby gate to block access to the area may be helpful.

Are There Any Advantages to Eating Raw Meat?

The thought of feeding their pet its young raw meat is sometimes very divisive among pet owners. There is not a great deal of evidence to suggest that it is superior to the dog food that can be purchased in stores. Additionally, it may present potential health dangers to both your family and your dog. Raw meat and eggs include bacteria such as salmonella, which can make your dog as well as the rest of your family sick. And since raw meat frequently contains bones, eating it might lead to issues with your teeth and stomach.

What Kind and How Much Food Should I Give My Dog?

Take a look at what’s written on the bag of dog food. The amount of food that you give your dog should then change based on how active or sedentary he is. Your dog may require 10% less exercise than a normal dog because they spend most of the day sleeping.

Can I Prepare My Food for My Dog?

There are certain dogs that either refuse to eat store-bought dog food or don’t perform very well on it. With some assistance, you can prepare your food. To ensure that your dog is consuming the appropriate amount of nutrients, you must ensure that the protein and carbohydrate content of their food is well-balanced. Some examples of well-balanced protein and carbohydrate combinations include chicken and rice, beef, and pasta. Consult your animal hospital’s vet for guidance. They might be able to provide you with recipes or suggest that you speak with a dietitian who specializes in dogs.

Where Should I Start Looking When Reading the Label?

These two phrases, “complete and balanced nourishment,” are of the utmost significance. This implies that your dog won’t want any additional vitamins or supplements because their food already provides a balanced diet for them. A statement from the Association of American Feed Control Officials is another option for you to consider. That’s your assurance that the food is up to snuff as far as nutritional requirements go.

Is it OK for My Dog to Eat That?

Do they appear to have healthy skin and a shiny coat? Is their level of activity appropriate given their age and breed? Are their faces solid and brown? Are they at a normal weight for their height? If this is the case, then you are probably giving them the appropriate amount of the appropriate food. Talk to your veterinarian if any of the responses to these questions were “no.”

Related Articles:

Leave A Reply