Kennel cough, also known as tracheobronchitis in dogs, is an umbrella term that refers to any infectious or contagious ailment that can affect dogs and in which coughing is one of the most prominent clinical indications. Infectious tracheobronchitis is yet another name for this condition. The location of the infection in the trachea (also known as the “windpipe”) and the bronchial tubes are referred to as tracheobronchitis. The adenovirus type-1, which is responsible for infectious hepatitis, is not included in this list. As a result of the fact that the virus is more likely to spread when dogs are kept in close quarters with one another, kennel cough is frequently observed shortly after dogs have been confined in kennels. Because kennel cough can be brought on by several different viruses, the condition is frequently referred to as the Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex (CIRDC).
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After 10-14 days, in most cases, dogs that have kennel cough are no longer infectious to other dogs. If antibiotics are used to treat bacterial illness, then this time frame may be reduced significantly.
In addition to coughing, what are some of the other clinical indications of kennel cough?
There may be a variety of clinical symptoms. Although it is typically a mild illness, the cough associated with it can sometimes be persistent and continue for several weeks at a time. It is quite unlikely that your dog would grow listless or lose its appetite if they are diagnosed with kennel cough.
How can a dog get kennel cough?
Kennel cough is a very contagious disease, and it can be easily spread between dogs through even fleeting touch, such as when the dogs sniff one other while walking, play together, or share water bowls. Several risk factors might increase the possibility of your dog contracting kennel cough. Some of these risk factors include your dog being stressed, being exposed to dust or smoke, being in low temperatures, and being in crowded settings.
What kind of medication is used to treat infected tracheobronchitis?
No treatment is specific for viral infections; nevertheless, a significant number of the more severe symptoms are caused by the involvement of bacteria, mainly Bordetella bronchiseptica. Antibiotics are effective in the fight against this particular bacterium.
What steps can I take to protect my dog from getting kennel cough?
Adenovirus and parainfluenza vaccinations are likely to be included in the majority of preventative measures that your veterinarian will advise you to take. Vaccination against Bordetella is also strongly suggested for dogs that are going to be boarded, groomed, or going to be in settings where they will be interacting with other dogs, such as dog parks.
How successful are these preventative measures?
However, the dog’s immunity is not durable nor reliable even if it has been triggered by exposure to an infection in the wild. The effectiveness of vaccines cannot be expected to improve much. Vaccination recommendations should be discussed in detail with your veterinarian because immunity may shift depending on environmental factors. In addition, some kennels request that pet owners present vaccination records.
How are the vaccinations against Bordetella given to patients?
The immunization against Bordetella can be administered intravenously, orally, or even intra nasally. The vaccination that is given as nose drops is known as intra-nasal, and it is a liquid. The cheek pouch is the location where the oral vaccination is given to the patient. The kennel cough is a complicated ailment that can be caused by several different viruses and bacteria. To assist stop the disease’s further spread, all dog owners ought to be aware of its symptoms, potential dangers, and prevention measures.
What does it sound like when a dog has a kennel cough?
Even though kennel cough typically manifests itself as a hacking cough, in certain cases, the cough is productive rather than dry. If your dog has a kennel cough, you may observe him coughing up secretions or gagging on them. Excitement, pressure on the neck (for example, yanking on a collar), or other activities that are very similar can all cause a cough to start. Some owners are under the impression that their dog has anything lodged in its throat when they hear it cough.
There are several other potential warning indicators, including the following:
- Nasal discharge
- A diminished capacity for hunger
- Having trouble with one’s breathing
- A remedy for kennel cough
Fortunately, the majority of dogs will recover from kennel cough on their own with minimal medical intervention. Your dog’s condition will determine whether or if your veterinarian recommends cough suppressants, and raising the humidity in your dog’s environment may also be a recommendation. In most cases, antibiotic treatment is not necessary for infections that are not particularly serious. However, more complicated cases of kennel cough can call for more intensive medical treatment. Dogs diagnosed with pneumonia may be given antibiotics, and the veterinarian may recommend that the dog be hospitalized in an isolation ward. In addition, fluids, oxygen, and inhalation therapy may be used for more severe situations.
Treatment for kennel cough in dogs
The majority of instances of kennel cough go away on their own within ten to twenty days, on average. Because kennel cough is often caused by a combination of viral and bacterial agents, there is no cure for the condition. However, your veterinarian may recommend some drugs to keep your dog comfortable and minimize inflammation in the airways.
What kind of expenses are involved in the treatment of kennel cough in dogs?
Uncomplicated instances of kennel cough often do not require hospitalization or antibiotic treatment, which contributes to the low cost of treatment for these types of cases. Likely, you will only be required to pay the standard fee for a visit to the veterinarian. However, the cost of treatment might skyrocket for complicated situations if the patient needs to be hospitalized, undergo supportive therapy and/or medication, and undergo extra diagnostic testing. The prices will differ depending on the veterinarian that you choose to work with as well as the location of your business.
Even though my dog had all of his vaccinations, he still got kennel cough; I don’t see how this could have happened. However, these vaccinations do offer protection against infections caused by bacteria. There is evidence that the Bordetella vaccination can help reduce the overall number of illnesses and the severity of those infections. This is the case despite the vaccine’s limitations. An infection that results from normal bodily processes does not confer immunity against subsequent infections.
Difference between kennel cough and Canine influenza
To get at a conclusive diagnosis of the underlying cause, a patient who is infected must provide a diagnostic laboratory with samples taken from their nose and throat. In circumstances when the symptoms seem to be less severe, extra testing is sometimes skipped. If, on the other hand, your dog is lethargic, has a fever, or isn’t eating well, your veterinarian may suggest additional diagnostic procedures, such as blood testing, chest radiographs, and sample submission.
Why are respiratory illnesses like Bordetella and others such infectious diseases?
When an animal coughs, bacteria or viruses are subsequently expelled into the air and become a source of infection for other animals. This happens every time an animal coughs. As a consequence of this, any dog that is suspected of having a respiratory infection ought to be isolated from other canines for at least a week following all of the symptoms associated with the illness have entirely subsided.
Factors Impacting Kennel Cough Duration
Kennel cough is a phrase that is used to describe a multitude of viral and bacterial diseases that affect the bronchi, larynx, and trachea in dogs. This condition is also referred to as canine infectious tracheobronchitis or canine cough. This infectious respiratory ailment can strike a dog at any time during his life, regardless of how old he is. A hacking cough that is dry and persistent is the primary symptom of the sickness. The severity and duration of kennel cough can be influenced by several different variables.
Viral Agents and the Length of Infection
The particular strain of the contagious virus that causes kennel cough in a dog is a significant factor in determining how long the dog will be contagious. If your dog contracts the parainfluenza virus, it is quite likely that he will only be sick for no more than six days. Bordetella bronchiseptica is yet another prevalent bacteria that can cause kennel cough. Infected canines with Bordetella will often exhibit signs of illness for approximately 10 days. It is not unusual for dogs to be infected with both the parainfluenza virus and the Bordetella bacterium. Sickness in these dogs typically lasts between 14 and 20 days, although the severity of their symptoms can vary greatly throughout this period. Dogs that have been infected with the distemper virus, Mycoplasma canis, or canine influenza and then acquire kennel cough are at an increased risk of getting pneumonia and having a more protracted illness.
A Dog’s Overall Health
A dog that is in good health has the highest chance of making a speedy recovery. Dogs that have compromised immune systems or other health issues, such as a trachea that is collapsing, may be at a higher risk of developing secondary infections.
How Old Is the Dog?
A younger dog may have an easier time fighting off the infection than an older one will. However, very young puppies who are ill or have a weaker immune system can have a tougher time dealing with the disease. Unvaccinated puppies are particularly at risk for having kennel cough since they are more likely to be exposed to other infected puppies.
Infection of a Particular Type
It’s possible that some viral strains of the virus won’t require treatment for a dog to recover swiftly from them. On the other hand, he may be still suffering from a bacterial illness that can only be treated with antibiotics over an extended length of time.
There is a possibility that, in addition to kennel cough, a secondary infection could emerge, which would then result in a severe upper respiratory infection. In most cases, treating kennel cough that is complicated by a secondary infection requires significantly more time than treating kennel cough that does not involve any difficulties.
Frequently Asked Questions
How to Reduce the Duration of Kennel Cough?
Going to the veterinarian as soon as possible is one of the best things you can do to speed up the recovery process for your dog if they have a kennel cough. An early diagnosis and treatment will hasten your dog’s recovery and reduce the likelihood of a subsequent infection aggravating your pet’s condition. It may also save your dog from getting sicker or developing pneumonia as a result of its use. Dog owners frequently misdiagnose kennel cough as “just a cold” and avoid taking their pets to the veterinarian as a result. You must take your dog to the vet for an inspection to limit the amount of time they spend being sick and miserable and to prevent more serious conditions from developing in them. Even though kennel cough cannot kill a dog, if the condition is not treated, the dog is likely to become quite ill and may even develop more serious secondary diseases.
What is the incubation period?
Some dogs can carry an infection for several months without showing any signs of illness.
Can dogs get kennel cough more than once?
Because there are many different strains of kennel cough, the answer is yes, dogs can have it more than once. If, on the other hand, your dog contracts the strain known as “Bordetella bronchiseptica,” they should be immune for a period ranging from six months to a year.
Can humans get kennel cough?
Because kennel cough is not a distinct disease but rather a form of respiratory infection, there is a wide range of potential triggers for the condition. The majority of canine viruses are not capable of being passed on to humans. However, the primary bacterium, Bordetella bronchiseptica, can cause infection in humans. This does not happen often, however, and the only people who are at risk are those with compromised immune systems. In addition, there is very little evidence to suggest that the bacterium may be transmitted from animals to people. Cases are quite uncommon, and as a result, most people do not need to be concerned about them. Many dog owners are concerned about the best way to care for their canine companions in light of the recent epidemic of the canine coronavirus. In this section, we will answer the questions that are asked the most frequently about the Coronavirus and dogs.